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What You Need to Know About the Government of Canada's New Prohibition on Certain Firearms and Devices
On May 1, 2020, the Government of Canada has prohibited:
- nine (9) types of firearms, by make and model, and their variants; and
- firearms with a bore of 20 mm or greater, and those firearms capable of discharging a projectile with a muzzle energy greater than 10,000 Joules; and
- the upper receivers of M16, AR-10, AR-15 and M4 pattern firearms.
Details on the announcement are available on the Public Safety Canada website.
A list of newly prohibited firearms and devices is available online in the Canada Gazette, Part II or on the Silvercore Blog.
Firearms and Devices that are Now Prohibited
The following nine (9) types of firearms and their variants are now prohibited:
- M16, AR-10, AR-15 rifles and M4 carbine
- Ruger Mini-14 rifle
- M14 rifle
- Vz58 rifle
- Robinson Armament XCR rifle
- CZ Scorpion EVO 3 carbine and pistol
- Beretta CX4 Storm carbine
- SIG Sauer SIG MCX and SIG Sauer SIG MPX carbine and pistol
- Swiss Arms Classic Green and Four Seasons series (as specified in former Bill C-71)
Also now prohibited are firearms with the following characteristics:
- capable of discharging a projectile with a muzzle energy greater than 10,000 Joules
- a bore of 20 mm or greater
Upper receivers of M16, AR-10, AR-15 and M4 pattern firearms are also now prohibited devices.
See the list of newly prohibited firearms and devices.
Amnesty Order for Newly Prohibited Firearms or Devices
An Amnesty Order is in effect until April 30, 2022 to protect individuals who were in legal possession of one or more of these newly prohibited firearms or devices on the day the amendments to the Classification Regulations came into force (May 1, 2020), from criminal liability for unlawful possession. It also provides owners with the time to come into compliance with the law.The Government has announced its intention to provide owners with the choice to return their firearms for buy-back or elect a grandfathering option.
If you relinquish a newly prohibited firearm or device before the implementation of the buy-back program or intended grandfathering regime, you won’t be eligible for compensation once the program is announced.
More information on the buy-back program and grandfathering regime for the newly prohibited firearms and devices will be available at a later date.
How This Prohibition Affects Owners of These Firearms
Find out what your options are if your firearm has been prohibited and slated to be seized
- Owners of newly prohibited firearms and devices are to keep them securely stored in accordance with their previous classification. The Display, Storage, Transportation and Handling of Firearms by Individuals Regulations (the Regulations) are available on the Department of Justice website.
- Newly prohibited firearms and devices cannot be sold or imported.
- Newly prohibited firearms and devices may only be transported under limited circumstances.*
- Newly prohibited firearms and devices cannot be legally used for hunting unless allowed through the amnesty.**
- Newly prohibited firearms cannot be used for sport shooting, either at a range or elsewhere.
*A firearm can be transported one time if, on the day that the prohibition of the firearm was announced, it was: (1) in the possession of a person who is not the lawful owner of the firearm; or (2) in the possession of the owner, but was not stored in the owner’s home at that time. In both circumstances, the firearm may be transported to return it to the owner’s residence.
**Exceptions are included under the Amnesty Order to allow for the continued use of the newly-prohibited firearms and/or devices (if previously non-restricted) by individuals who hunt or trap to sustain themselves or their families, and by Indigenous persons exercising Aboriginal or treaty rights to hunt. At the end of the amnesty period, all firearm owners must comply with the new law.
Other options are to have your firearm deactivated by an approved business or to legally export the firearm. You can also wait for further instructions to participate in the buy-back program or grandfathering regime.
This announcement may impact your business as you may have these newly prohibited firearms/devices in your inventory. While awaiting further details on the buy-back program, every effort should be made to return the inventory back to the manufacturer. Please note:
- They may no longer be sold to individuals.
- They can be transferred to another business with the appropriate licence privileges.
- If firearms are taken on consignment, they must be returned to the owner.
- If the appropriate activity and conditions are attached to the business licence for prohibited firearms, the business can act as an agent for export or deactivation for an individual or other business.
Businesses that are licensed to possess prohibited firearms will maintain this privilege, but should familiarize themselves with the list of newly prohibited firearms and devices.
The Canadian Firearms Program (CFP) will be contacting all individual firearms license holders and firearms businesses in Canada to inform them of the new prohibitions.
If you have moved, please notify the CFP immediately of your new address, if you have not already done so.
More information on the Government’s intended buy-back program and grandfathering regime for the newly prohibited firearms and devices will be available at a later date.